VIII. GENERAL HISTORIES OF HUNGARIAN LITERATURE

[See also nos. 23, 176, 177, and 178. For studies of Hungarian literary history, see nos. 39, 152, 451, 452, 454, and 455.]

345. Alszeghy Zsolt, Brisits Frigyes, Sík Sándor és Szetey András. A magyar irodalom története. I-II. rész. Budapest: Szent István-Társulat, 1945.

A combined literary history and anthology of Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to 1945, divided into literary periods, with a discussion of each period and of each author preceding selections from his works. For students in the Gymnasium. Pt. I, Middle Ages to 1825; pt. II, 1825 to 1945. NN GeLU GyBH ItFU

346. Badics Ferenc és Beöthy Zsolt (szerk.). A magyar irodalom története. Képes díszmunka két kötetben. Budapest: Athenaeum Irodalmi és Nyomdai r.t., 1906-19073. [Revised and enlarged edition]

An illustrated Hungarian literary history from ancient times to 1867, revised and enlarged and prepared on the basis of results established in larger and smaller monographs from the hands of several Hungarian scholars. Vol. I, Ancient times to the appearance of Károly Kisfaludy; vol. II, Appearance of Károly Kisfaludy to the Compromise of 1867. NN FiHI GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

347. Bánhegyi Jób. A magyar irodalom története. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Szent István-Társulat, 1929.

Hungarian literary history from ancient times to the 1920's. Claims to give more attention to the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the Reformation than previous surveys of Hungarian literature. Bibliography, vol. II, 280-290. Vol. I, Earliest times to Károly Kisfaludy (to 1820); vol. II, Károly Kisfaludy to 1882 (index to entire work). MH OCl FrPIH GyBH GyMWd

348. Benedek Marcell. A magyar irodalom története. Budapest: Singer és Wolfner Irodalmi Intézet, 1938. 255p.

Hungarian literary history from ancient times to the end of the 19th century for the general reader, to help him perceive the emergence and development of the national spirit through the literature of the past. Illustrated. MnU AsWN FiHI FrPIH GeLU GyBH

349. Beöthy Zsolt. A magyar irodalom kis tükre. Budapest: Athenaeum r.t., 19002. 225p. [Several editions]

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the last quarter of the 19th century, concentrating on the ideas and philosophies expressed. CtY MnU NN NNC AsWN AsWU FrPIH FrPS GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU ItFU

350.A magyar nemzeti irodalom történeti ismertetése. I II. kötet. Budapest: Athenaeum Irodalmi és Nyomdai r.t., 1920-192214.

The first part of each volume is a history and the second, an anthology of Hungarian literature, from its beginnings to 1867. An annotated introduction to the literature for high school students, with bibliographical footnotes frequently summarizing the scholarship on the subject of each chapter. Vol. I, Earliest times to Károly Kisfaludy; vol. II, 1820 to the 1920's. CL MH MnU FrPBN FrPS GeLBM GyBH ItFU

351. Bodnár Zsigmond. A magyar irodalom története. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Singer és Wolfner, 1891.

Hungarian literary history from its beginnings to 1772. Emphasis on moral beliefs as they affect literary creativity and on authors and their works as reflections of their age and of literary movements. Concerned with nearly 500 writers, to include those less known, particularly those in the earlier years of Hungary's intellectual development. Name and subject indices in each volume. Vol. I, Beginnings to 1600; vol. II, 1600 to 1772. DLC [NN] NNC GeLBM GeLU GyBH

352. Bóka László és Pándi Pál (szerk.). A magyar irodalom története 1849-ig. Budapest: Bibliotheca Kiadó, 1957. 492p.

Hungarian literary history from its beginnings to Petőfi. Seeks to show that the best in Hungarian literature has had its roots in the people, and is "the first work that attempts to delineate our literary history from the Working-class, the Marxist-Leninist point of view." A bibliography of the more readily available publications concerned with the various periods of Hungarian literature, pp. 459-468. A chronological table paralleling Hungarian literature with the literary and historical events of the world. DLC MnU NN FiHU GeCU GeLU GyBH GyGNSU

353. Borbély István. A magyar irodalom története. I-II. kötet. Cluj-Kolozsvár: Minerva Irodalmi és Nyomdai Műintézet, 1924-1925. [Projected 3rd volume not published]

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to 1867, to show the development of the intellectual life of the nation. Intended as a high school text, but the period from pagan times to 1825 is annotated for the more learned reader. Attention to the milieu of each period, to the different literary movements, to foreign influences, and to the life and writings of the most significant authors. Bibliographical notes, Vol. I, 385-418. Vol. I, Pagan times to 1825; vol. II, 1825 to 1867. GyBH

354. Bowring, Sir John. Poetry of the Magyars, preceded by a sketch of the language and literature of Hungary and Transylvania. London: n.p., 1830. 312p.

Besides English translations of Hungarian popular songs and poetry from those of Demetrius Csaty to those of János Erdődi (Sylvester), contains essays on the language and literature, biographical sketches, and a brief treatment of Hungarian popular poetry. CSmH DLC ICU MH MdBP MnU NNC NcD OCl PU and others; AsWN GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBH

355. Cushing, George Frederick. Hungarian prose and verse. London: Athlone Press, 1956, 197p.

An anthology with an introductory essay summarizing and evaluating the development of Hungarian literature from Ferenc Kazinczy to its own date, xi-xxxv. CSt DLC ICU InU MB MnU NNC NcU OCl PP and others; GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyGNSU

356. Dux, Adolf. Aus Ungarn. Literatur- und culturgeschichtliche Studien. Leipzig: Verlag von Hermann Foltz, 1880. 350p.

Individual studies of the literary and cultural life of Hungary, including the Werther period, Vörösmarty, poetry from 1848, contemporary poetry, romances and tales, and the history of the theater from the end of the 18th century to the 1840's. DLC MH NNC AsWN FrPBN GeLBM

357. Farkas, Gyula. Die Entwicklung der ungarischen Literatur. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1934. 306p.

A translation of no. 358. CtY MH NN OCl AsWN AsWU FiHI FiHU FrPIH FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU ItFU

358.A magyar irodalom története. Budapest: Káldor Könyvkiadóvállalat, 1934. 336p.

The major lines of literary development in Hungary from the beginnings to a brief sketch of the period following World War I. Bibliography, pp. 329-330. MnU NN NNC AsWU FiHI GeCU GeLU GyBH GyGGaU GyGNSU

359. Féja Géza. A régi magyarság. A magyar irodalom története a legrégibb időktől 1772-ig. Bratislava: Tátra-kiadás, n.d. 197p.

The development of Hungarian literature from ancient times to 1772, with first major attention to the Middle Ages. Under each period a brief biographical and critical sketch of each writer and brief characterizations of literary types. DLC [NN] NNC FiHI GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyMWd

360. Ferenczi Zoltán (szerk.). A magyar irodalom története 1900-ig. Képes kiadás. Budapest: Athenaeum r.t., 1913. 682p.

An illustrated history of Hungarian literature from ancient times to 1900. Also surveys learned and scholarly writings. DLC NN NNC FrPIH GeLBM GyBH

361. Ferenczy Zsigmond Jakab. Magyar irodalom és tudományosság története. Pest: Szent István-Társulat, 18542. 218p. [The second edition of his Adalék honi nyelvünk és irodalmunk történetéhez (Pozsony, 1844)]

A sketch of the history of Hungarian literature and learning, beginning with the 15th century and closing with 1848. Nearly 300 authors. List of predecessors who dealt with the same subject, pp. 5-8. ICN AsWN FiHI

362. Gáldi, Ladislas. La culture hongroise en Tyansylvanie. Budapest: Athenaeum, 1944. 156p.

Characterizations of the styles of Hungarian art and literature in Transylvania from the Middle Ages to the 1930's. Bibliography, pp. 122-123. Illustrations. ItFU

363. Hankiss, Giovanni. Storia della letteratura ungherese. (Traduzione di Filippo Faber) Torino, Milano, Padova, Firenze, Roma, Napoli, Catania, Palermo: G. B. Paravia e C., 1936. 356p.

The history of Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to the 1920's. Bibliography, pp. 332-337 ItFU

364. Hankiss, J. et Juhász, G. Panorama de la littérature hongroise contemporaine. Paris: Éditions Kra, 1930. 348p.

Hungarian literature from 1867 to 1929. Bibliography, pp. 335-338. DLC InU MiD MiU NN NNC OCl FiHU FrPIH FrPS GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU

365. Horváth Cyrill. A magyar nemzeti irodalom története. Budapest: Singer és Wolfner Kiadása, 1902. 782p.

A history of Hungarian literature from pagan times to Imre Madách. Discussion by literary periods and authors. Intended for high school students. Illustrated. GyGGaU ItFU

366.A régi magyar irodalom története. Budapest: Athenaeum Irodalmi és Nyomdai r.t., 1899. 755p.

Hungarian literature from its beginnings to Faludi and Amade. Intended to acquaint the interested layman with Hungarian literary history without involving him in matters and problems: of concern to the literary specialist. MH MnU [AsWN] [AsWU] FrPIH [FrPS] GeLBM GyGGaU

367. Imre Sándor. A magyar irodalom és nyelv rövid története. Debreczen és Nyiregyháza: Ifj. Csáthy Károly Kiadása, 18702. 237p. [Several editions]

A survey of the history of the development of Hungarian literature and language from pagan times to the middle of the 19th century. Intended as a school text.

368. Kállay Miklós. A magyar irodalom története. I-III, kötet. Budapest: Fővárosi Könyvkiadó, 1928.

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the 20th century, for the general reading public, in a miniature pocket edition. Vol. I, Ancient times to 1848; vol. II, Petőfi to 1900; vol. III, 20th century.

369. Katona, Lajos und Szinnyei, Ferenc. Geschichte der ungarischen Literatur. Leipzig: G. J. Göschen'sche Verlagshandlung, 1911. 152p.

Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, with the period after 1867 only briefly treated. Bibliography of German sources, by Róbert Gragger, pp. 140-149: bibliographies, periodicals, literary histories, anthologies, translations, folk poetry. DLC MB MH MnU NNC OCl PPT PU AsWU FrPS GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

370. Keresztury Dezső. A magyar irodalom képeskönyve. Budapest: Magvető Könyvkiadó, 1956. 343p.

Devoted to pictures relating to Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the mid-1940's, with only a brief introduction to each section. DLC MnU NN NNC FiHU GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

371. Kolta Ferenc. A magyar irodalom története vázlatokban. I-II. rész Budapest: Hattyasy Kiadás, 1947.

A history of Hungarian literature in outline form from the Middle Ages to the 1940's. Appendices: Characterizations of Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, and Neo-classical styles (Pt. I), and Characterizations of Romantic, Classical Realistic, Modern Realistic, Naturalistic, Impressionistic, Symbolic, and Expressionistic styles (Pt. II). Pt. I, Middle Ages to the first quarter of the 19th century; pt. II, Romanticism to the 1940's.

372. Komlós Aladár. Irodalmunk társadalmi háttere. Budapest: Budapest Székesfővárosi Irodalmi és Művészeti Intézet, c.1947. 138p.

A sketch of the social and intellectual backgrounds of Hungarian literature. Influences and cultures, including foreign, that affected the development of the national literature. MnU NNC GyBH

373. Kont, Ignác. Geschichte der ungarischen Literatur. Leipzig: C. F. Amelang, 1906. 272p.

Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to the end of the 19th century, with major attention to the 19th. Purpose: to draw, without learned apparatus, the spiritual life of the Hungarians as it is revealed in their literature. Selected bibliography of German; French, and English sources, arranged, after a general section, under chapter titles by author and subject, pp. 262-265. DLC MB NN NNC OCl PU AsWN AsWU FiHU FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeOB GyBH GyGNSU

374.Histoire de la littérature hongroise. Budapest: Société Anon. "Athenaeum," 1900; Paris: Félix Alcan, 1900. 420p.

An adaptation of three histories of Hungarian literature: Books I and II, a summary of Cyrill Horváth's A régi magyar irodalom története (no. 366); Book III, an augmentation of Albert Kardos's Développement de la littérature hongroise (a series in Gazette de Hongrie, 1885-1886) by Kont's own study; and Book IV, an implementation of Sándor Endrődi's Századunk magyar irodalma képekben (Budapest: "Athenaeum," 1900; 465p.) by Kont's biographical accounts, analyses, and, particularly, translations from the better collections of Hungarian poetry. From the Middle Ages to 1867. Bibliography of French studies and translations of Hungarian literature, pp. 411-413. Illustrated. Book I, Middle Ages and Renaissance; book II, 1526-1772; book III, 1772-1825; book IV, 1825-1867. DLC MH MnU OCl FrPBN GeLBM GyBH ItFU

375. Kozocsa Sándor. Erdély irodalomtörténete. Budapest: Jancsó Benedek Társaság, 1936. 53p.

A history of Transylvanian literature from the 16th to the beginning of the 20th century, using historical events to throw light upon its character and development. Bibliography, pp. 40-48. MnU GyBS

376.Kis magyar irodalomtörténete. Budapest: Pintér Jenőné Vállalata, 1944. 186p.

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the end of the 19th century. Arranged by literary movements, with materials under each organized by authors. Bibliography, pp. 171-172. DLC MnU ItFU

377. Kristóf György. Az erdélyi magyar irodalom multja és jövője. Cluj-Kolozsvár: Minerva Irodalmi és Nyomdai Műintézet r.t., 1924. 294p.

A collection of the author's studies dealing with the writers, various literary forms, learned societies, literary history, and Hungarian mythology from the beginnings of Transylvanian Hungarian literature to its own date. Chapters on Sebestyén Tinódi, Bálint Balassi, Gábor Bethlen, Ábrahám Barcsay, and Zsigmond Kemény. MH AsWU GeCU GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU

378. Menczer, Béla. A commentary on Hungarian literature. Castrop-Rauxel: Amerikai-Magyar Kiadó, 1956. 147p.

Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the 1950's, stressing its reflections of European concerns, currents, and ideas common to all nations in particular periods. Bibliography, p. 146. DLC InU LU MnU NN NjR WU GeLBM GeLU ItFU

379. Die österreichische-ungarische Monarchie in Wort und Bild. XXI Bände. Wien: A. Hölder, 1886-1900. [For an edition in Hungarian, see no. 398.]

Volumes V, IX, XII, XVI, XVIII, and XXI devoted to Hungarian history, literature, and culture: CtY DLC ICU NNC NcD TxU AsWN FiHI FrPBN FrPS [GeCU] GyBH GyBS GyGGaU

380. Pápay Sámuel. A magyar literatura esmérete. Veszprém: Számmer Klára Betűivel, 1808. 484p.

Mainly concerned with the origin and character of the Hungarian language, but also contains a concluding section on Hungarian literary history from "Halotti beszéd" to its own time, focused on the lifeworks of the authors. Omits Hungarian Latin writings. AsWN FrPBN GeLBM GyBH

381. Pintér Jenő. A magyar irodalom története. I-IV. kötet. Budapest: Rényi Károly és Szerző Kiadása, 1909-1913.

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to 1831. Extensive bibliographical footnotes. Vol. I, Most ancient times to the Battle of Mohács; vol: II, Battle of Mohács to the appearance of Bessenyei (index to vols. I and II); vol. III, Literary Revival and the French, National, Classical, and German schools; vol. IV, Kazinczy, Csokonai, Sándor Kisfaludy, Berzsenyi, Kölcsey, József Katona, Károly Kisfaludy, and lesser writers of the same period (index to vols. III and IV). MH AsWN FrPIH [FrPS] GeLBM GyBH

382. Pintér Jenő magyar irodalomtörténete. I-VIII. kötet. Budapest: Stephaneum Nyomda és Könyvkiadó, 1930-1941:

The history of Hungarian literature from the pagan period to the first third of the 20th century. Materials on historical, social, and intellectual backgrounds, on the lives and works of authors, and on literary scholarship and scholars. Treatment of each author divided into his life and the various genres in which he wrote. Also attention to the history of the various editions of each author's works. Critical comments of scholars and extensive bibliographies of both primary and secondary sources at the end of each chapter. Name index in each volume. Vol. I, Pagan period to the first third of the 16th century; vol: II, 16th century; vol. III, 17th century; vol. IV, 18th century; vol. V, First third of the 19th century; vol. VI, Second third of the 19th century; vol. VII, Last third of the 19th century; vol. VIII, First third of the 20th century. ICU MH MnU [NN] NNC AsWU FiHI FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

383. Pintég Jenő magyar irodalomtörténete. Képes kiadás. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1928.

A survey of Hungarian literature from the pagan Middle Ages to the first quarter of the 20th century. Information about historical and cultural backgrounds for each period, about the lives and works of authors, and about the various literary genres. Appendices in Vol. II: (1) A chronological table of Hungarian and foreign literary events, (2) Maps and a table of counties and towns, listing the literary figures who were born, lived, died, or attended school in them, and (3) A dictionary of literary and critical terms. Illustrated. Vol. I, Beginnings to the 20th century; vol. II, 20th century, to 1925 (name index to both volumes). MnU NNC FiHI

384. Pintér Jenő magyar irodalomtörténete. A művelt közönség számára. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 19262. 362p.

A survey of Hungarian literature from pagan times to 1920, for the informed reader. Outline sketches of authors and literary types. ItFU

385. Pintér Jenő. A magyar irodalom történetének kézikönyve. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1921.

Hungarian literary history to 1920, organized by period, literary type, and author, for scholarly use. Contains (1) bibliographical data on editions of author's works and on scholarly books and articles on each period and author and (2) a bibliography of Hungarian literary history, pp. 12-15. Vol. I, 800 to 1825; vol. II, 1825 to 1920. CoU MnU AsWN AsWU FiHI FrPIH GyGGaU

386. Reich, Emil. Hungarian Literature: an historical and critical survey. London: Jarrold and Sons, 1898. 272p.

The main literary movements and authors from the beginnings of Hungarian literature through most of the 19th century by means of "the comparative method of historical investigation and analysis," comparing or contrasting Hungarian works with those by English, French, German, Italian, or ancient classical writers. Last chapter a summary of Hungarian scholarship on politics, history, literature, aesthetics, and philology. Bibliography, pp. 257-258. CU DLC ICU MB MH MiU MnU NNC OCl PPD and others; FrPS GeCU GeLBM GeLU

387. Remenyi, Joseph. Hungarian literature. Washington, D. C.: American Hungarian Federation, 1946. 48p.

A history of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the generation after Endre Ady, focusing on characterizations of the major writers and on the view that the best literature of Hungary is of significance not only within the national ethos but also within the framework of universal standards. Bibliography, pp. 47-48. DLC IC IU MH NNC NjR NcU OCl PSt ViU and others

388. Riedl, Frigyes. A history of Hungarian literature. London: William Heinemann, 1906. 294p.

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings through the 19th century, opening with chapters on the Hungarian people and language and closing with sketches of the latest writers. ICN MnU NN NNC NjR OU OCl PU WaU AsWU FiHU FrPS GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBH

389.A magyar irodalom főirányai. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1913. 135p. [Several editions]

The major characteristics and tendencies in Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the 1820's, with major attention from the Middle Ages to the end of the 18th century. Bibliographical notes, pp. 133-135. NNC AsWN FiHI GeLBM GyBH

390. Rökk-Richter, Stefano. La letteratura ungherese. Roma: Paolo Cremonese, 1929. 192p.

The history of Hungarian literature from pagan times to the period after World War I. DLC ItFU

391. Schwicker, Johann Heinrich. Geschichte der ungarischen Literatur. Leipzig: Wilhelm Friedrich, 1889. 944p.

The major Hungarian writers from the earliest times to 1888, with main attention to "the poetical creations of modern writers." Emphasizes: (1) The ideas and spiritual matters with which the writers were concerned in the various periods, (2) The effect of prevailing European intellectual trends upon them, (3) The influence they themselves exerted upon their own times, (4) The forms in which their writings reached the public and the reception given to them, and (5) The appraisal of the value of their works. ICN MH MnU NN OCl AsWU FiHU FrPBN GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBH GyGGaU GyGNSU

392. Szerb Antal. Magyar irodalomtörténet. Budapest: Révai Nyomda, 19352. 536p. [Several editions; latest in 1958, edited by István Sőtér]

Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the 1920's, though the treatment of the period after World War I is quite brief: Governed by the view that Hungarian literature is a part of European literature and consequently sensitive to its influences. Traces this synthesis through its varying degrees of relationships. A review and evaluation of the various approaches used by Hungarian literary historians beginning with the 19th century, pp. 7-17. IC MH MiD MnU NN NNC NjR OCl FiHU FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBH GyGGaU ItFU

393. Toldy Ferenc. A magyar nemzeti irodalom története. I-II. kötet. Pest: Emich és Eisenfels Könyvnyomdája, 18522. [Several editions]

Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the Middle Ages, mainly the latter. Contains selections of poetry for the periods covered. Vol. I closes with the Age of Lajos and Zsigmond; vol. II begins with the Age of Mátyás and Jagelló. MnU NN NNC AsWN AsWU FiHI FrPBN GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

394.A magyar nemzeti irodalom története a legrégibb időktől a jelenkorig rövid előadásban. Pest: n.p., 18784. 404p.

The history of Hungarian literature from ancient times to 1867. Bibliographical footnotes at ends of sections. MH MnU NN FrPBN GeLBM GeLU GyBH

395. Tóth Veremund, O.S.B. A magyar irodalom története. (Szemelvényekkel) Cleveland: Kossuth Kiadó, 1960. 608p.

A combined history and anthology of Hungarian literature from pagan times to the present, by literary periods. Discussions of the characteristics of each period followed by treatments of authors and selections of writings. Attention to relationships between Hungarian and European literary movements. CoU IC MnU OCl AsWN GyGGaU

396. Turóczi-Trostler, József. Entwicklungsgang der ungarischen Literatur. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Verlag der ungarischen Goethe-Gesellschaft, 1928.

A brief and general study of selected phases of the development of Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to the Reformation. Concerned with intellectual forces, their sources and connections, their essential character, formation, effects, and values. Vol. I, Middle Ages; vol. II, Renaissance and Reformation. GyBH

397. Ujfalvy, Károly. La Hongrie: son histoire, sa langue et sa littérature. Paris: Librairie Pagnerre, 1872. 236p.

A survey of the Hungarian language and literature from its beginnings to its own date. Includes a number of French translations of Hungarian poetry. MB NN AsWN FrPBN GeLBM ItFU

898. Váczy János. "A magyar irodalom," Az osztrák-magyar monarchia írásban és képben (Budapest: Magyar Királyi Államnyomda, 1893; I-XIX. kötet), III, 244-338. [For an edition in German, see no. 379.]

A survey of Hungarian literature from its beginnings to the period after the Compromise of 1867, characterizing the major literary periods and the most important writers. Illustrated. IC ICU NNC OCl FrPBN GyGNSU

399. Vajthó László. Halhatatlan magyar irodalom. Budapest: Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, n.d., 318p.

An examination of major Hungarian writers and their major works in relation to their literary characteristics, from the Middle Ages to Endre Ady. A section on classical, West European, and Hungarian meters. List of recommended readings for each author. DLC InU MnU FiHI ItFU

400. Várady, Emerico. "Letteratura Ungherese," Storia delle letterature moderne d'Europa e d'America (Szerk. Carlo Pellegrini; Milano: Casa Editrice Dr. Francesco Vallardi, 1960; 6 vols.), VI, 233-325.

Hungarian literature from the Middle Ages to the 1950's. Bibliography, pp. 490-491. Illustrations. CU CtY ICU IU IaU InU NN NNC PU ItFU

401. Zigány, Árpád. Letteratura ungherese. Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1892. 295p.

A survey of Hungarian literature seeking to portray the intellectual life of Hungary from its beginnings to 1867. Discussion mainly by literary movements and types. Includes treatment of scholarly writings. FrPIH GeLBM


IX. HISTORIES OF AND TREATISES ON LITERATURE AND RELATED SUBJECTS BY PERIODS




A. ANCIENT TIMES AND MIDDLE AGES (900-1450)

[See also nos. 429, 434, and 436.]

402. Györffy György. Krónikánk és a magyar őstörténet. Budapest: Néptudományi Intézet, 1948. 189p.

The connection of the subject matter of the Chronicles with the history of primitive Hungary, giving particular attention to the genesis of similar textual fragments. Essay in Appendix: "The author of the Hun-Magyar Chronicle." Bibliographical footnotes. Summary in French, pp. 181-189. MH NNC AsWN FiHU FrPBN GeLBM GeLU ItFU

403. Horváth János. A magyar irodalmi műveltség kezdetei. Budapest: Magyar Szemle Társaság, 1931. 312p. [Second edition published in 1944]

From the Age of Stephen (997-1038) to the Disaster of Mohács (1526). Develops the thesis that Hungarian literature originated not in pagan but in Latin writings of Christian civilization, and that a literature in the Hungarian language gradually emerged from that written in Latin. Bibliographical footnotes. Book I, Beginnings of Hungarian Latin literature; book II, Emergence of a literature in the Hungarian language. DLC MH MnU NN NNC AsWN FiHI FiHU FrPBN FrPIH GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyMWd ItFU

404. Horváth János (ifj.). Árpádkori latin nyelvű irodalmunk stílusproblémái. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1954. 400p.

A study of the problems of style in Latin writings during the Age of Árpád, to show the formation of a distinctive Medieval Hungarian Latin style, to point up the style of former Hungarian narrative literature, and to show the stylistic elements learned by Hungarian writers of the time from the West. Bibliographical footnotes. DLC NN AsWN FrPBN GeCU GyBA GyBH GyGNSU

405. Kardos Tibor. "A huszita biblia keletkezése," Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelv- és Irodalomtudományi Osztályának Közleményei, III (1952), 127-177.

The origin of the "huszita" Bible as a product of the people's revolution and as a reflection of the class struggle of the Middle Ages. DLC MnU NNC GeLBM GyBA GyGNSU

406.Középkori kultúra, középkori költészet. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1941. 290p.

The literary life of the Middle Ages through the exploration of its relationships with society, the schools, the cultured class, and the people and their way of life, and in general through a portrayal of the poetic forms and subjects of the period. MnU NN AsWN FrPIH GeOB GyBH ItFU

407. Király György. A magyar ősköltészet. Budapest: Ethika Tudományterjesztő és Könyvkiadó, 1921. 134p.

An attempt to clarify the ideas, to ascertain the patterns and currents, and to assemble and arrange critically the materials of ancient Hungarian poetry, from the beginning of the 7th century to the end of the 10th. Bibliography, pp. 115-128. MnU AsWN GyBH GyMWd

408. Kniezsa István. Helyesírásunk története a könyvnyomtatás koráig. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1952. 204p.

The development and characteristics of Hungarian orthography from the 11th to the 15th century. Bibliographical footnotes. DLC MH NN NNC FiHI FiHU FrPBN GeLBM GyGGaU GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

409. Lőrinczy Éva. A Königsbergi Töredék és Szalagjai mint nyelvi emlék. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1953. 224p.

A linguistic reworking of the 14th century manuscript, Königsbergi töredék. Assembles and evaluates all linguistic studies of this work, to determine the characteristics of the Hungarian language of the time and to place it in relation to the linguistic development of the language as to phonology, orthography, morphology, and syntax. MH FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

410. Macartney, Carlile Aylmer. The medieval Hungarian historians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953. 190p.

After a 59-page survey of Hungarian literature in the Middle Ages to establish the historical tradition of Hungary, examines and analyzes the historical documents of the period. CU DLC ICU MH MoSU NNC NcD OCl PSt TxU and others; AsWN FrPBN FrPS GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBS GyGNSU ItFU

411. Mészöly Gedeon. Ómagyar szövegek nyelvtörténeti magyarázatokkal. Budapest: Tankönyvkiadó, 1956. 261p.

Texts of ancient Hungarian literary remains explicated through detailed linguistic annotations. DLC InU NN TxU FiHU FrPBN GeLBM GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGGaU GyGNSU

412. Mezey László. Irodalmi anyanyelvűségünk kezdetei az Árpádkor végén. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1955. 133p.

The origin of lay feminism in the Middle Ages, the ancient Hungarian lamentation for the Virgin Mary, and the legend of Margaret in the 13th century, in relation to the beginnings of a Hungarian literary mother tongue. DLC MH NNC AsWU GyBH GyGNSU

413. Szabó Dénes. A magyar nyelvemlékek. Budapest: Tankönyvkiadó, 19592. 80p. [Enlarged edition of that published in 1952]

Accounts of fragments, texts, commentaries, glossaries, dictionaries, enumerations of proper nouns and subjects, and grammars prior to and after the invention of printing that are important to an understanding of the early growth of the Hungarian language. Comment on the character of each, lists of partial or complete reproductions of each, and a bibliography for each work in the text. Reproductions of manuscripts and texts. MnU NNC FiHI GeLBM GyBH GyBS GyGGaU

414. Toldy, Ferenc. Geschichte der ungarischen Literatur im Mittelalter. Pest: Gustav Heckenast, 1865. 292p. [Moritz Kolbenheyer's translation of the third Hungarian edition]

Five hundred years of Hungarian literature, from the reign of Árpád to the Age of Mátyás Corvinus and Jagelló. ICN NN NNC PU AsWN AsWU GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU


B. RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1450-1630)

[See also nos. 403, 414, 443, 451, 454, 455, and 459.]

415. Alszeghy Zsolt. A tizenhetedik század. Budapest: Szent István-Társulat, 1935. 292p.

Hungarian literature during the 17th century, with attention to religious influences and struggles, literary genres and authors, and contributors to other areas of learning. Bibliographical notes, pp. 279-290. MH MnU AsWN FrPIH GyBH GyGGaU

416. Balázs János. Sylvester János élete és kora. Budapest: Tankönyvkiadó Vállalat, 1958. 473p.

A biography of Sylvester giving considerable attention to the milieu of his times and to his works, especially his Latin-Hungarian grammar and his Hungarian translation of the New Testament. Bibliography, pp. 379-391; bibliographical notes, pp. 393-433 Summary in German, pp. 439-457. Illustrations. DLC FiHI GeOB GyBH GyBS GyGGaU ItFU

417. Dézsi Lajos. Szenczi Molnár Albert. 1574-1633. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1897. 243p.

A biography of Szenczi Molnár stressing his life and learned activities as a means of advancing Hungary's growth. Illustrated. NN AsWN AsWU FiHI FrPBN GeLBM GyBH

418.Tinódi Sebestyén. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1912. 229p.

A biography of the 16th century minstrel, giving attention to historical background, to his poetry, and to the verse chronicles of his successors in the 16th century. Numerous illustrations. MH NN AsWN GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

419. Dombi Béla. A drámaírás kisérletei Magyarországon a XVI-XVII. században. Pécs: "Dunántúl" Pécsi Egyetemi Könyvkiadó és Nyomda, 1932. 196p.

Seeks to fill what is claimed to be the only gap in understanding the development of Hungarian drama by examining the poetic drama of the 16th and 17th centuries. Concentrates on the course of its development. Treats church and secular drama separately and examines the 17th century school dramas and morality plays developing from them. Also concerned with linking the drama with the theatrical stage. MH MnU FrPIH GeLBM GyBH

420. Eckhardt Sándor. Balassi Bálint. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1941. 224p.

Underlying purpose: to bring closer to the contemporary Hungarian the clearly perceptible but complex contradictions of the inner burdens of Balassi, whose life works brought about the first synthesis of Hungarian and European intellectual life. Views the whole of the poets life, and his writings and their relationships with his life. Not concerned with matters of style and diction. Bibliographical notes, pp. 219-224. MnU NNC FrPIH GeLBM GeLU

421. — "Balassi Bálint irodalmi mintái," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, XXIII (1913), 171-192, 405-450.

Purpose: to show the general and partial connections between Balassi's love lyrics and those of other poets of his age and their humanistic heritage. CtY DLC MH NNC AsWN AsWU FiHI FrPIH GeLBM [GeLU] GyBH ItFU

422.Az ismeretlen Balassi Bálint. Budapest: Magyar Szemle Társaság, 1943. 313p.

A biography of Balassi based on new primary sources. Illustrated. Bibliographical notes, pp. 221-304. FrPIH

423.Új fejezetek Balassi Bálint viharos életéből. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1957. 104p.

Additions to the life of Balassi based on materials in Western Slovakian archives, especially the archive in Semelcbánya, and on visits to places in Czechoslovakia where the poet had stayed. Bibliographical notes, pp. 71-102. Illustrated. DLC MH MnU NNC FiHI GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

424. Fitz József. A magyar nyomdászat, könyvkiadás és könyvkereskedés története. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959. 258p

An illustrated history of printing, publishing, and book-selling in Hungary prior to the Disaster at Mohács, from 1472 to 1526. Also attention to books in Hungary and Europe prior to printing. Bibliography, pp. 42-52. DLC MH NN NNC GeCU GeOB

425. Gerézdi Rabán. "Irodalmi nyelvünk kialakulásáról," Magyar Századok (Budapest: Egyetemi Nyomda, 1948; 325p.), pp. 52-68.

The emergence of a Hungarian literary language in the first half of the 16th century. MnU

426. — "Janus Pannonius," Irodalomtörténet, XXXIX (1950), 14-30.

The life and works of Pannonius during his years in Italy. [CU] DLC [MH] MnU NN NNC OCl AsWU GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

427. Gulyás Pál. A könyvnyomtatás Magyararszágon a XV. és XVI. században. Budapest: Országos Széchényi Könyvtár, 1929-1931. 272p.

The development of printing in Hungary and those foreign presses that printed Hungarian books during the 15th and 16th centuries. Chronological table of Hungarian publications during the 16th century. Bibliographical notes, pp. 258-268. Extensively illustrated. DLC MH NN NNC AsWN FiHU FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeOB GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGGaU

428. Halász Gábor. "Magyar humanisták," Nyugat, XVII (1934) 582-592.

Characterizations of the humanistic attitudes of the poet, the scholar, and the preacher during the Renaissance in Hungary, mainly through examinations of Janus Pannonius, Miklós Oláh, András Dudith, and Péter Bornemisza. NN NNC [FiHI] FiHU FrPIH GeLBM [GeLU] GyBH

429. Hoffmann Edith. Régi magyar bibliofilek. Budapest: Magyar Bibliophil Társaság, 1929. 211p.

Accounts of noted and unknown Hungarian book collectors from the age of King Lajos Nagy to that of King Lajos II. Closes with 37 plates. Bibliographical notes, pp. 193-211. MH GeLBM GeLU GyBH ItFU

430. Horváth János. Az irodalmi műveltség megoszlása. Magyar humanizmus. Budapest: Magyar Szemle Társaság, 19442. 318p. [First edition in 1935]

The authors, the writings, and the society of Hungarian humanism and the first experimentations of the Hungarian Reformation. Bibliographical notes, pp. 285-296; additions to the notes of the 1935 edition, pp. 297-306. MH MnU NN NNC NjP AsWN FiHI FiHU FrPBN FrPIH GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBH ItFU

431.A reformáció jegyében. A Mohács utáni félszázad magyar irodalomtörténete. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1953. 544p. [Second edition in 1957]

The fifty-year period after the Mohács Disaster, from the 1520's to the 1570's - especially the forces of the Reformation that altered the climate for literature as they developed the legacy of the Middle Ages in a new spirit that made possible a step toward the development of national and worldly characteristics in Hungarian literature. Traces in detail the humanism developed in the spirit of Erasmus and the effects of Lutheranism and Swiss Protestantism. A continuation of no. 430. Bibliographical notes, pp. 491-526. MH MnU NNC FiHI FiHU GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

432. Huszti József. Janus Pannonius. Pécs: Janus Pannonius Társaság, 1931. 448p.

A biography of the 15th-century Hungarian poet giving extensive attention to his works, emphasizing his role as a humanistic poet and translator, and closing with a chapter on his importance in Hungarian literature, especially in relation to his place in Hungarian Latin poetry. Bibliographical notes, pp. 299-414; bibliography, pp. 415-432. FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU GyMWd ItFU

433. Imre Samu. Szabács viadala. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó,1958. 332p.

A linguistic reworking of the 15th-century manuscript, Szabács viadala. Assembles and evaluates all studies concerned with it in relation to phonology, orthography, dialect, vocabulary, morphology, and syntax. Also treats the document as to poetic style and seeks to establish its authenticity, in opposition to the belief that it is a 19th-century forgery. Appendix: Papers on the controversy by Loránd Benkő and Béla Kálmán, and Imre's reply to their views, pp. 299-318. DLC MH NNC FiHU GeOB GyBA GyBH GyGGaU

434. Kardos Tibor. "Huszita-típusú kantilénáink," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, LVII (1953), 81-95.

Evidence of all forms of the "huszita" canticle in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries and views on their merits as poems and on their satirical elements as early evidence of satirical verse in Hungarian poetry. NNC AsWU GeLBM GyBS ItFU

435. — "A magyar vígjáték kezdetei," Kodály-emlékkönyv (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1953; 766p.), pp. 133-167.

The beginnings of Hungarian comedies in the 16th century. DLC ICU NN NNC FrPIH GeLBM GeOB GyBH GyBS

436.A magyarországi humanizmus kora. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1955. 462p.

A history of Hungarian humanism to 1526. After discussing the origin of humanism in Italy and its spread to other European countries, delineates (1) the beginnings of humanism in Hungary (1360-1445), (2) the humanism of János Vitéz and Janus Pannonius (1445-1471), (3) the role of humanism in the political actions of Mátyás Hunyadi, (4) the widening class basis of Hungarian humanism in the Age of Jagelló and its consequences, (5) literary groups and the changes in literary forms, and (6) the emergence of a humanism with a distinctly Hungarian character. MH NN NNC AsWN FiHU FrPBN GeLBM GeOB GyBA GyBH GyGNSU ItFU

437. — "A trufa. Egy régi magyar irodalmi műfaj jellege és európai összefüggései," Filológiai Közlöny, I (1955), 111-138.

Seeks to determine the origin of "trufa," its fundamental characteristics, its European connection, and its social and artistic function. DLC MH NN NNC AsWN FiHU GeOB GyBA GyBH GyGNSU

438. Klaniczay Tibor. "A magyar reformáció irodalma," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, LXI (1957), 12-47.

Thesis: Significant but very heterogeneous writers of the Hungarian Reformation gradually created a literature new in character and form as they served a particular religious, social, and political endeavor. NN NNC AsWU GeLBM GyBS ItFU

439. Remenyi, Joseph. Three Hungarian poets: Bálint Balassa, Miklós Zrínyi, Mihály Csokonai Vitéz. Washington, D.C.: Hungarian Reformed Federation of America, 1955. 64p.

Individual essays on Balassa, Zrínyi, and Csokonai giving attention to biographical materials and commenting on the literary merits and characteristics of their works. DLC ICU IU IaU MH MiU MnU NcU OCl PLF and others; GyGGaU ItFU

440. Sík Sándor. Pázmány. Az ember és az író. Budapest: Szent István-Társulat, 1939. 449p.

A biography of Pázmány, attempting to find the man in the writer, the environment that shaped him, and the age that molded him. Details of life used only when they help to complete the picture of the man. Bibliographical notes, pp. 404-449. NN AsWN FiHI GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

441. Thienemann Tivadar. "A szabadgondolkodás első nyomai a magyar középkorban," Minerva, I (1922), 223-240.

A study of the individuals in Hungary who first began to move away from the ideals of saintliness and the City of God in the last one hundred years of the Middle Ages - near the end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. DLC NNC NjP [FiHI] FiHU FrPIH GyBH GyMWd ItFU


C. COUNTER-REFORMATION AND BAROQUE (1630-1772)

[See also nos. 419, 439, 466, 467, 473, 480, 491, 498, 502, 504, 506, 519, and 521.]

442. Badics Ferenc. Gyöngyösi István élete és költészete. Budapest: Gyöngyösi István Társaság, 1939. 263p.

In two parts, the first a detailed biography of Gyöngyösi and the second an examination of his writings. Concludes with two chapters on the effect of his poetry on his own age and with an account of the attitudes towards his writings in the 18th and 19th centuries. A chronological table of his life and works, including the dates of important scholarly studies. A genealogical table of his immediate descendants through his two marriages. MB FrPIH GeLBM

443. Ballagi Géza. A politikai irodalom Magyarországon 1825-ig. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1888. 847p.

Hungarian political writers and their works, along with the events with which they were concerned, from the 16th century to 1825. Emphasizes liberal writings but "gives recognition to the deserving representatives of the opposing view." DLC MH AsWN AsWU FrPBN FrPS GeLBM GyBH

444. Bán Imre. Apáczai Csere János. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1958. 606p.

An examination of the lifework of Apáczai from the viewpoint of the literary historian and philologist. Concerned with the exploration of the learned sources of his works, a clarification of the relations of his works with the intellectual movements of his day, an analysis of his style, and a treatment of his efforts in the creation of the Hungarian language. Summary in French, pp. 563-585. DLC MH MnU NNC FiHI GeLBM GyBH GyBS GyGNSU ItFU

445. Dezsényi Béla. A magyar hírlapirodalom első százada. 1705-1805. Budapest: Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum Országos Széchényi Könyvtár, 1941. 66p.

In two parts: (1) A history of the periodical press in Hungary from 1705 to 1805 and (2) A directory of the periodicals of the period, giving their title, publisher, place of publication, editor, places where copies are available, and a bibliography under each citation. Appendices: (1) List of periodicals mentioned about whose publication there is no authenticated information and (2) List of publications arranged by place of publication and showing the period of publication. Bibliography, pp. 36-38. Summary in German, pp. 60-64. DLC MH NNC AsWN FiHU FrPBN GeLBM GeOB GyBS

446. Dézsi Lajos. Magyar író és könyvnyomtató a XVII. században. Misztótfalusi Kis Miklós. (1650-1702). Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1899. 208p.

A biography of the 17th-century printer, scholar, linguist, and author. Appendix: Misztótfalusi's speech on schooling in the Hungarian language, letters to Mihály Teleki, Mihály Tofeus and István Pataki, and his will. Illustrated. NN AsWN FrPBN GeLBM GyBH

447. Esze Tamás. "A kuruc költészet problémái," Irodalomtörténet, XXXIX (1951), 31-47.

A pointing up of problems encountered in doing effective research on "kuruc" poetry: (1) defining the type, their beginning and closing periods, (2) their authenticity, (3) their origins in history, and (4) the true connection between Rákóczi kesergője and folklore. Bibliographical notes, pp. 45-47. [CU] DLC [MH] MnU NN NNC OCl AsWU GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

448. — "A Rákóczi-kor irodalma és publicisztikája," Irodalomtörténet, XLII (1954), 10-24.

Describes and evaluates the poetry, political writings, songs, and journalistic works of the Age of Rákóczi. CU DLC MH MnU NN NNC OCl AsWU GeLBM GyBA GyBS GyGNSU [ItFU]

449. Gálos Rezső. Mikes Kelemen. Budapest: Művelt Nép Könyvkiadó, 1954. 139p.

A biography of Mikes concerned mainly with his period, with Ferenc Rákóczi, and with the Letters from Turkey. Chronological list of his works and bibliography, p. 139. DLC MH NNC FrPBN GeLBM GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

450. Horányi Mátyás. Eszterházi vigasságok. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959. 269p.

An illustrated chronicle of the court theaters in Hungary in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Appendices: (1) Catalogue of editions from the Eszterházy collection, (2) List of performances given at the court theater in Eszterháza from January 23 to December 22, 1778, (3) Table of operatic singers who had performed for the Eszterházys from 1759 to 1790, and (4) Names of the members of the Kismarton Opera Company. MnU NNC

451. Kemény Katalin. Erdélyi emlékírók. Cluj-Kolozsvár: Minerva Irodalmi és Nyomdai Műintézet, 1932. 62p.

A history of Hungarian writers of memoirs in Transylvania in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, to determine the role they created for themselves in Transylvanian literature and their connection with the whole of Hungarian literature of the time. MnU GyBH GyGNSU

452. Kenyeres Imre. A magyar irodalomtörténetírás fejlődése a XVIII. században. Budapest: Mérnökök Nyomdája, 1934. 58p.

A survey of the development of Hungarian literary history from Czvittinger to Horányi and Wallaszky. Concerned with its establishment and growth. Strives to determine what the historians borrowed from the past and what their significance was for the future, with respect to the cross-section they give when viewed in the light of the world of ideas at the time. Chapters on Czvittinger, Bél, Rotarides, Bod and his successors, Horányi, and Wallaszky. DLC DSI MH AsWN AsWU FiHU GyBH

453. Klaniczay Tibor. Zrínyi Miklós. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1954. 548p.

A biography of Zrínyi giving considerable attention to his works and the historical and literary background prior to and during his times. DLC MH AsWU FiHI GeLBM GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

454. Máté Károly. Irodalomtörténetírásunk kialakulása. Budapest: Dunántúl Egyetemi Nyomda, 1928. 54p.

The history of book catalogues, beginnings of biographies, literary surveys, and literary histories as predecessors of Czvittinger's Specimen hungariae literatae (no. 157). MH MnU GyBH

455. — "A magyar önéletírás kezdetei," Minerva, V (1926), 120-166.

The beginnings of the writing of autobiographies in Hungarian literature from 1585 to 1750, giving attention to its forms: Katona, Veresmarti, János Kemény, Misztótfalusi, Miklós Bethlen, Rákóczi, and Kata Bethlen. DLC NN NNC NjP FiHU FrPIH GyBH ItFU

456. Nemeskürty István. Bornemisza Péter. Az ember és az író. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959. 558p.

A biography of Bornemisza, claiming to be the first to bring the man and the writer before the reader. Appendix: List of Bornemisza's works requiring further research. Summary in German, pp. 526-530. Illustrated. DLC NNC GyBH ItFU

457. Remenyi, Joseph. "Kelemen Mikes, Hungarian exile (1690-1761)," Symposium, XI (1957), 123-126. [Published at Syracuse University]

Primarily a critical discussion of the Letters from Turkey. Bibliography, p. 126. Widely available in U.S.; FiHU FrPS GeLBM

458. Széchy Károly. Gróf Zrínyi Miklós. Öt kötet négy kötetben. Budapest: Történelmi Társulat Kiadása, 1896-1902.

A detailed biography of Zrínyi with emphasis on his life and political and military activities but with attention to his writings (most of Vol. II devoted to "A Szigeti Veszedelem"). Appendices: (1) Extracts from two of his military sketches, vol. II; (2) Letters to György Rákosi, vol. III; and (3) Hungarian letters, vol. IV. Bibliographical footnotes. Illustrated. Vol. I, From birth to c. 1650; vol. II, 1651 and "A Szigeti Veszedelem"; vol. III, 1652 to July 1657; vol. IV, August 1657 to 1659; vol. V, 1659 to 1664 (name and subject index for entire work). MnU NN AsWN FrPBN GeLBM

459. Trócsányi Zoltán. Régi magyar nyomtatványok nyelve és helyesírása. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1935. 42p.

The language and orthography in Hungarian books from the second quarter of the 16th century to the second half of the 18th century with regard to their influence on the development of a literary language and to their characteristic styles. Among authors receiving special attention: Benedek Komjáthi, Gáspár Heltai, Péter Pázmány, Miklós Zrínyi, István Gyöngyösi, Zsigmond Csuzy, György Tséri Verestói. Bibliography, p. 42. DLC AsWN AsWU FrPBN FrPIH GeCU GeLU GyBH GyGNSU

460. Varga Imre. "A kuruc költészet hitelessége," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, XLVI (1936), 29-45, 171-187, 276-292.

After surveying the various treatments of the authenticity of "kuruc" poetry in previous scholarship, seeks to prove its genuineness by establishing a basis for an idea of the poems and by tracing the numerous changes certain of the poems underwent through manuscripts which, for the most part, have not been examined before. By this means attempts to disprove Kálmán Thaly's authorship of some of the poems. DLC MH NNC AsWN AsWU FrPIH GeLBM [GeLU] GyBH GyGNSU


D. LITERARY REVIVAL, AGE OF REFORM, AND ROMANTICISM (1772-1849)

[See also nos. 439, 443, 445, 450, 452, 478, 562, 564, 570, 576, 618, and 687

461. Alszeghy Zsolt. A XIX. század magyar irodalma. Budapest: Szent István-Társulat, 1923. 285p.

Hungarian literary history from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of World War I, by literary periods. MnU NN FiHI GyBH GyMWd

462. Badics Ferenc. Fáy András életrajza. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1890. 671p.

A biography stressing Fáy's literary activities and their relation to his age in order to show the influence of others on his works and his effect on the activities of other writers and on the general public life of his time. DLC FrPIH FrPS

463. Bánóczi József. Kisfaludy Károly és munkái. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1882-1883.

A biography attempting to explore Kisfaludy's life and works in great detail. Sections on the Aurora, his role in the development of Hungarian romanticism, his comedies, and his prose. Attention given to the lateness of Hungarian response to European romanticism. Appendix: Catalogue of the performances of Kisfaludy's dramas on the Hungarian stage. Vol. I, 1788-1821; vol. II, 1822-1830. MH MnU FrPIH GeLBM GyBH

464.A magyar romanticismus. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Könyvkiadó Hivatala, 1882. 20p.

A definition of Hungarian romanticism as different from that in Germany though much indebted to it, and a survey of the emergence of the movement in Hungary with Károly Kisfaludy. Evidence from literature and numerous other aspects of learning. MnU AsWN GeLBM GyMWd

465. Barta János. "Eredmények és feladatok a felvilágosodás és reformkor magyar irodalmi kutatásában," Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelv- és Irodalomtudományi Osztályának Közleményei, III (1952), 99-112.

Several literary questions in the period from Bessenyei to Petőfi (1772-1848), among them the synthesis of preromanticism and the attitudes toward the nation and the generation in opposition to the views held by scholars under the Horthy regime. Reviews the scholarship on Bessenyei, Csokonai, Kazinczy, Berzsenyi, Kölcsey, Vörösmarty, Eötvös, and Petőfi for the years 1945-1949. Replies by several scholars, pp. 113-119. DLC MnU NNC GeLBM GyBA GyGNSU

466. Bayer József. A nemzeti játékszín története. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Hornyánszky Viktor Akadémiai Könyvkereskedése, 1887.

A history of the Hungarian theater mainly from 1790 to 1837. Appendices: (1) Programs presented in Pest from 1790 to 1795, 1807 to 1814, and 1833 to 1837, giving title, type, number of acts, author, translator, number of yearly performances, and date of last performance, (2) Names of theatrical personnel in Pest from 1790 to 1795 and 1807 to 1814, and (3) Programs of the Székesfehérvári Theater in 1818 and 1819 and of the Kassai Theater in 1829 and 1830, giving the title of the play, date of first performance, type, and number of acts. Vol. I, Middle Ages to 1831; vol. II, Age of Széchenyi to the opening of the National Theater in 1837. DLC MH AsWN FiHU FrPS GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

467. Benkő Loránd. A magyar irodalmi írásbeliség a felvilágosodás korának első szakaszában. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1960. 548p.

A detailed study of the emergence and character of a homogeneous literary language in Hungary during the second half of the 18th century. Bibliography, pp. 501-533. Illustrations and facsimiles. DLC MH NNC AsWN FiHU GeCU GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGGaU

468. Beöthy Zsolt. A XIX. század magyar költészete. Budapest: Kéky Lajos, 1905. 225p.

Purpose: to find and measure those strengths in 19th-century Hungarian poetry that helped it to develop its form and effects. Concerned with the intellectual forces and national elements that spurred the development of poetry. DLC MnU

469. Biró Lajos Pál. A Nemzeti Színház története. 1837-1841. Budapest: Pfeiffer Ferdinánd, 1931. 145p.

A history of the founding and the first four years of the Hungarian National Theater. Appendix: List of performances in the Pest Hungarian Theater from August 22, 1837, to April 3, 1841, giving type, date, title, author, and translator. Bibliography, p. [146]. GyBH GyGNSU ItFU

470. Brisits Frigyes. A XIX-ik század első fele. Budapest: Szent István'-Társulat, 1939. 380p.

A history of Hungarian literature during the first half of the 19th century, focusing on the distinctive literary characteristics and on the birth of ideas and aspirations and their interaction and their evolution and decline among the writers of the period. Bibliographical notes, 346-379. MnU

471. Csahihen Károly. Pest-Buda irodalmi élete. 1780-1830. I-II. kötet: Budapest: Stephaneum Nyomda, 1931-1934.

A portrayal of the literary life of Budapest, from 1780 to 1830, through the writers, learned institutions and societies, publishers and printing houses, newspapers and periodicals, and dramatists responsible for the concentration of learned and creative activity and foment in the city as an accompaniment to the growth of a national literature. Vol. I, The antecedents (1780-1800); vol. II, The concentration (1800-1830). CU MH NN NNC NjP GeLBM GeOB GyBH

472. Császár Elemér. Kisfaludy Sándor. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1910. 167p.

A biography of Sándor Kisfaludy, giving attention to the substance and characteristics of his writings. MH MnU NNC FiHI FrPS GeCU GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU

473. Cushing, G. F. "The birth of national literature in Hungary," Slavonic and East European Review, XXXVIII (1960), 459-475. [Published at the University of London]

Purpose: to trace the development of the trend in Hungarian writers toward being critical of their government, from the middle of the 18th century to the meeting of the Diet at Pozsony in 1825. Examines the creation of national feeling among writers, their role in the vitalization of the language, and their relations with the censor. Attention to the contributions of Bessenyei, Kazinczy, Károly Kisfaludy and István Széchenyi, and of literary periodicals to the development of a distinctly Hungarian literature. Widely available in U.S.; FiHU FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyGNSU

474. Dézsi Lajos. Báró Jósika Miklós. Budapest: Athenaeum r.t. Könyvnyomdája, 1916. 415p.

A biography of Jósika using his previously unpublished letters. Appendix: Letters from the Jósika Memorial Album. MH MnU NNC GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

475. Dienes András. Petőfi a szabadságharcban. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1958. 643p.

Petőfi's activities and death in the Revolution of 1848-1849. Attention to scholarship on Petőfi. Appendices: (1) Account of the disappearance of Petőfi on July 31, 1849, by the Hungarian-Rumanian Cooperative Society, and (2) Preliminary report on attempts to locate Petőfi's grave in 1956. Bibliographical notes, chapter by chapter, pp. 447-591. Summary in French, pp. 609-625. 84 illustrations at end of book. DLC InU MH NNC AsWN FiHU FrPBN FrPIH GeOB GyBH GYBS GyGNSU

476. Dobóczki Pál. Népies alakok az irodalomban a népies irány előtt. Budapest: Németh József Könyvkereskedése, 1912. 42p.

Characterizations of the various national types in Hungarian literature from 1772 to 1843, individually in chronological order. Among them the peasant, plainspeople, liars, elders, old judge, female characters, etc. MnU FiHU GyBH

477. Farkas Gyula. A Fiatal Magyarország kora. Budapest: Magyar Szemle Társaság, 1932. 318p.

The development of Hungarian literature from 1820 to 1850 as a period of individuality, through an exploration of the literature, ideas, culture, and life of the times. Bibliographical notes, pp. 304-314. MH MnU NN AsWN AsWU FiHU FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU GYMWd

478.A magyar romantika. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1930. 336p.

The emergence of romanticism from 1750 to the 1820's as a synthesis of two opposing streams of literary efforts: (1) the traditional, stemming from the Catholic milieu of Western Hungary, and (2) the exotic, originating in the Reformed milieu of Eastern Hungary: the new literature assuming its character in the 1820's, when regional and denominational distinctions and cultural differences vanish. Maintains that the movement was born with Vörösmarty and Kölcsey. Attention to foreign influences. Critical bibliography on Hungarian romanticism, pp. 315-321. [For a German translation of this work, see no. 480.] MH MnU NN NNC AsWU FiHI GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

479.Romános - romántos - romantikus. Budapest: n.p., 1929. 30p.

An inquiry into the meaning of Hungarian romanticism, especially in connection with Vörösmarty. Shows that the term romanticism began to spread in Hungary in the 1820's from German origins, with observations of nature as its subject, and that it went through a number of redefinitions under the impact of French romanticism and of Vörösmarty's individualistic romanticism, whereupon it was taken over by succeeding generations who failed to think its concepts through. Maintains that only today, after experimentations with the question, is its real definition beginning to emerge. MH AsWN GyBH GyGGaU

480.Die ungarische Romantik. Berlin und Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter, 1931. 231p.

A translation of no. 478. NN NNC OCl FiHU FrPBN FrPS GeCU GeLBM GyBS ItFU

481. Féja Géza. A felvilágosodástól a sötétedésig. A magyar irodalom története 1772-től 1867-ig. Budapest: Magyar Élet Kiadása, 19432. 287p.

A history of Hungarian literature from the Enlightenment to the Decline, from 1772 to 1867, consisting of treatments on each phase and each author and containing historical, biographical, and critical materials. Attention to minor writers. MnU NNC AsWN GeLBM GyBH

482. Fenyő István. Az Aurora. Egy irodalmi zsebkönyv életrajza. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1955. 154p.

After a characterization of Hungarian literary life around 1820, develops the history of the periodical Aurora (1822-1837), especially in relation to its opposition to the absolutism of the period. Appendices: (1) List of articles in the periodical, arranged chronologically under the name of the contributor and giving inclusive page numbers for each article; (2) Brief biographical notes on 35 lesser-known contributors to and staff members of the periodical; and (3) Accounts of the nine periodicals of the period also figuring in the study. Bibliographical footnotes. Bibliography, pp. 142-145. DLC MH NN NNC AsWN FrPBN GeLBM GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

483. Ferenczi Zoltán. Csokonai. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1907. 160p.

A biography of Csokonai, giving attention to his literary works -their characteristics and development. MH FiHI FrPS GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU

484.Petőfi Sándor életrajza. I-III. kötet. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1896.

A biography of Petőfi that also seeks to present a picture of the literature of his period. Index for each volume. Vol. I, to April 1844; vol. II, April 1844 to August 1846; vol. III, September 1846 to 1849. DLC MnU NN FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU GyGNSU

485. Ferenczy József. Garay János életrajza. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1883. 237p.

A biography of Garay giving considerable attention to the man and his writings. FrPBN

486.A magyar hírlapirodalom története 1780-tól 1867-ig. Budapest: Lauffer Vilmos, 1887. 506p.

The history of political, scholarly, critical, learned, and belles-lettristic periodicals in Hungary during the greatest period of their growth, from 1780 to 1867. NN AsWN GeLBM GyBH GyMWd

487. Gáldi László. A magyar szótárirodalom a felvilágosodás korában és a reformkorban. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1957. 586p.

A history of the development of Hungarian dictionaries from 1779 to 1838. Bibliographical footnotes. Summary in German, pp. 537-545. DLC MH NNC AsWN FiHU FrPBN GeOB GyGGaU GyGNSU

488. Gálos Rezső. Bessenyei György életrajza. Budapest: Közoktatásügyi Kiadóvállalat, 1951. 425p.

Claims to be the first biography of Bessenyei in eighty years that summarizes all the research done on the subject. Chronological table of his life and works. Bibliographical notes, pp. 381-412. DLC MnU FiHI GeCU GyBS GyGNSU

489.Kármán József. Budapest: Művelt Nép Könyvkiadó, 1954. 193p.

A biography of Kármán seeking to illuminate the circumstances of his life and examining his writings. Summary of previous studies of Kármán in the introduction. Appendices: (1) Connections between the Kármán and Ráday families, and (2) Texts of Kármán's previously unpublished works. Bibliographical notes, pp. 167-193. DLC MH MnU FiHI GeCU GeLBM GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

490. Gárdonyi Zseni. A magyar szentimentális regény főbb képviselői. Budapest: Budapesti Hírlap Nyomdája, 1907. 47p.

After a discussion of classicism, sentimentalism, and romanticism as literary expressions, examines four Hungarian novels as major expressions of sentimentalism written at the close of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century: Sziegwart klastromi története, Kazinczy's Bácsmegyei, Kármán's Fanny, and Eötvös's Karthauzi. MnU FiHU

491. Gedő Szeréna. Filozófiai költészetünk áttekintése a XIX. század közepéig. Budapest: Thália Műintézet Kő- és Könyvnyomda r.t., 1911. 48p.

A survey of Hungarian philosophical poetry from the second half of the 18th to the middle of the 19th century, to determine the characteristics of the genre as they are manifested by various poets. Finds, among other things, that such poetry was concerned with philosophies of life, such as stoicism, epicureanism, and pessimism, rather than with metaphysical thought. Attention to foreign influences. Concerned with Faludi, Orczy, Bessenyei, Csokonai, Berzsenyi, Kölcsey, and Vörösmarty. MnU FiHU

492. György Lajos. A magyar regény előzményei. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1941. 540p.

Hungarian prose fiction from its beginnings in the 1770's to 1840, in relation to theme and origins. Delineates (1) the development of the romance, the divisions of its content, the foreign influences affecting its growth, and its slow expansion, and (2) the role which the antecedents of the novel played in its development. Chronological "román" bibliography from 1730 to 1840, containing 376 citations and providing the title, history of editions, sources, summary of contents, and comment for each, pp. 203-518. Also nine titles without year of publication, pp. 517-518, and published collections of romances, pp. 519-522. AsWN GeCU GeLU FrPIH

493. Gyulai Pál. Vörösmarty életrajza. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 18722. 311p. [Several editions]

An enlarged biography of Vörösmarty giving attention to the character of his writings. MH MnU OCl FiHI FrPBN FrPS GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBH ItFU

494. Haraszthy Gyula. Irodalomelméleti kérdések a mult század második negyedében. Budapest: Pallas Irodalmi és Nyomdai r.t., 1932. 68p.

The views of literature in Hungary from about 1825 to 1848: idealism and realism, literature and its role in national life, the influence of poetry and the theater, and literary criticism. MnU FiHI GeLBM GyBH

495. Haraszti Gyula. Csokonai Vitéz Mihály. Budapest: Aigner Lajos, 1880. 362p.

A biography of Csokonai concerned with his works and the background of his times. MnU ItFU

496. Hatvany Lajos. Így élt Petőfi. I-V. kötet. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó,1955-1957.

Previously published scholarship on Petőfi's life grouped under chronological periods, with additional comments by the author at the close of each selection pertinent to the material covered. Name index for each volume. Illustrations. Vol. I, Family history from 1667 and Petőfi's life to the beginning of March 1841; vol. II, March 10, 1841 to April 1, 1845; vol. III, April 1, 1845 to June 26, 1847; vol. IV, July 1, 1847 to September 27, 1848; vol. V, September 11, 1848 to July 31, 1849. MnU NNC AsWU FrPBN FrPIH [GeLBM] [GeOB] [GyBA] GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

497. Hegedűs Géza. Magyar romantika. Budapest: Budapest Székesfővárosi Irodalmi és Művészeti Intézet, 1948. 130p.

A study of Hungarian romanticism through an examination of the social-historical forces that contributed significantly to its development. DLC MnU NN ItFU

498. Hofbauer László. Vidéki irodalmi társaságaink története a XVIII. század végétől a XIX. század végéig. Budapest: "Élet" Irodalmi és Nyomda r.t., 1930. 130p.

A history of Hungarian literary societies in the provinces from the end of the 18th century to the end of the 19th century, including an opening chapter on the antecedents of such learned societies from their beginnings to the end of the 18th century

499. Horváth János. Berzsenyi Dániel és íróbarátai. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959. 293p.

A study of Berzsenyi's prose and poetry (mainly) and of his relations with Kazinczy and with his literary friends (János Kis, József Péteri [Téti] Takáts, Judit Dukai Takách, and József Elek Horváth). His poetic style, the influence of Horace on his poems, and the genesis of his poems; his view of life in his prose works, his writings on aesthetics, and his literary criticism. DLC NNC GeCU GyBA GyBH

500.Kisfaludy Károly és íróbarátai. Budapest: Művelt Nép Könyvkiadó, 1955. 182p.

In two parts: (1) a study of Kisfaludy's life and his works by literary types, and (2) an account of his relations with two groups of Hungarian writers during the Age of Reform - those who wrote in German and those who were connected with the Aurora. Concludes with a discussion of the antecedents of epics dealing with ancient Hungarian settlers. DLC MH MnU NNC FiHU GeCU GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

501.Kisfaludy Károly évtizede. Az 1820-as évek kisebb írói. Budapest: Kókai Lajos Kiadása, 1936. 74p.

Accounts and characterizations of numerous lesser writers of the 1820's who were associated with Károly Kisfaludy. MH MnU NNC GeCU GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

502.A magyar irodalmi népiesség Faluditól Petőfi-ig. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1927. 390p.

A study of the indebtedness of Hungarian literature to folk songs and folk poetry, from the latter part of the 18th to the second quarter of the 19th century. DLC MH NNC FiHI FrPBN FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyMWd

503.Petőfi Sándor. Budapest: Pallas Irodalmi és Nyomda r.t., 1922. 597p. [Second edition in 1926]

Concerned with determining the character of Petőfi's lyrics through all the changes that their course of development reveals. Biographical and aesthetic materials used only to this purpose. Index of lyrics discussed, listing poems by other writers as possible influence on each. MnU NN AsWN FiHI GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyMWd

504. — "A XIX. század fejlődéstörténeti előzményei," Tanulmányok (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1956; 638p.), pp. 94-142.

A study of the forces leading to the rejuvenation of Hungarian literature during the first quarter of the 19th century: the period of transition (1711-1772), the Age of Bessenyei, language reform, Ferenc Kazinczy, and József Kármán. DLC MH MnU NNC GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

505. Illyés Gyula. Petőfi. Budapest: Szépirodalmi Könyvkiadó, 19523. 343p. [Revised edition]

A biography of Petőfi giving much attention to the relations between the poet and his environment and times and to the use of his poems as evidence of his attitudes and views. DLC MH MnU NN NNC OCl AsWN FiHI FiHU FrPIH GeCU GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBH GyBS

506. Jancsó Elemér. A magyar szabadkőművesség irodalom és művelődéstörténeti szerepe a XVIII. században. Cluj-Kolozsvár: Ady Endre Társaság Kiadványa, 1936. 289p.

Besides delineating the social and political effects of Freemasonry during the latter part of the 18th century, seeks to establish its contributions to the cultivation of the Hungarian language and literature and to the championing of individual and national feelings. Maintains that Kazinczy, Aranka, Bessenyei, Verseghy, Bacsányi, the Viennese guardsmen, and the Northern Hungarian Transylvanian writers were adherents of the movement. Bibliography, pp. 275-277. MH FrPBN GeLBM GyBH

507. Juhász Pál. Gondolati költészetünk a felvilágosodástól a realizmusig. Budapest: Sárkány-nyomda, 1936. 101p.

The history and character of Hungarian philosophical poetry from Bessenyei to the middle of the 19th century. Three phases: (1) Bessenyei, Barcsay, Orczy, Ányos, (2) Kazinczy, János Kis, Bacsányi, Csokonai, and (3) Berzsenyi, Kölcsey, Vörösmarty. Bibliography, pp. 99-101. MnU GyBH

508. Julow Viktor. Fazekas Mihály. Budapest: "Művelt Nép" Tudományos és Ismeretterjesztő Kiadó, 1955. 222p.

A biography of Fazekas giving attention to his writings - their content and development. Bibliography, pp. 208-220. DLC MnU NNC AsWU GyBS

509. Kornis Gyula. A magyar művelődés eszményei. 1777-1848. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1927.

Examines the ideals of Hungarian culture and the instruments of their realization, to describe the historical self-consciousness of Magyar policy in national education, from 1777 to 1848: (1) the growth, nature, and development of Hungarian ideals, (2) their world outlook and their reflection of man and society, (3) the educational means used to serve them, (4) the role of language and literature in their creation, and (5) the influence of foreign currents. [For a German translation of this work, see no. 510] Vol. I, 1777-1825; vol. II, 1825-1848 (index to both volumes). MnU NN FrPBN GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

510.Ungarische -Kulturideale. 1777-1848. Leipzig: Quelle und Meyer, 1930. 608p.

A translation of no. 509. CtY DLC ICU MH NN NNC AsWU GeCU GeOB GyBS

511. Koszó, János. "Die ungarische Romantik," Aus den Forschungsarbeiten der Mitglieder des ungarischen Instituts und des Collegium Hungaricum in Berlin (Berlin und Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter, 1927), pp. 146-155.

Concerned mainly with delineating the origins of Hungarian romanticism as it developed first under German and then under French influence. MnU NN GeLBM GyBH GyBS

512. Molecz Béla. "A nyelvújítás korának nyelvszépítő törekvései," Szentesi Magyar Királyi Állami Horváth Mihály Reálgimnázium Értesítője (1928), 3-14. [A school bulletin published by academic years, from 1864 to 1940, in Szentes, by Mester Nyomda]

The attempts of Kazinczy and his associates to introduce words and changes into the Hungarian literary language, and an analysis of the quality and nature of the words at issue at the time. MnU GyBH

513. Nagy Lázár. Az erdélyi magyar színészet hőskora. (1792-1821). Kolozsvár: Minerva Irodalmi és Műintézet, 1939. 108p.

An illustrated reprint of Nagy's study of Hungarian theatrical performances and societies in Transylvania from 1792 to 1821, preceded by a general essay on the Age by Elemér Jancsó. MnU AsWN ItFU

514. Ort János. Irodalomesztétikai kérdések Kazinczy korában. Budapest: Hoffmann Nyomda, 1939. 54p.

An examination of the literary issues of Kazinczy's period among the classical writers, the traditional writers, and the members of the French and German schools. Characterizes the Age as the awakening of Hungarian aesthetics. Concerned with such subjects as taste, language reform, adaptations, translations, style, verse form, criticism, etc. MH MnU FrPIH GyBH

515. Osváth Béla. Szigligeti Ede. Budapest: "Művelt Nép" Tudományos és Ismeretterjesztő Kiadó, 1955. 168p.

A biography of Szigligeti which, besides giving an account of his life, intends to place him and his lifework in the development of a people's and a national culture in Hungary. Attention to the theater and drama with which he was connected. Bibliography, pp. 161-167. DLC MH MnU GeLBM GyBS

516. Pais Dezső (szerk.). Nyelvünk a reformkorban. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1955. 683p.

A collection of individual studies of the development and character of the Hungarian language from 1825 to 1848, with some attention to its antecedents from 1772 to 1825. Of particular interest to the literary researcher: (1) "A XIX. század első felének harcai a nemzeti nyelvért," by László Deme, pp. 1-25; (2) "Az irodalmi nyelv hangállománya és a nyelvjárások," by László Deme, pp. 27-82; (3) "Tudományos nyelvünk" by Miklós Kovalovszky, pp. 227-312; (4) "Az irodalmi nyelv," by József Tompa, pp. 313-434; and (5) "Vers és nyelv," by László Gáldi, pp. 495-615. Separate word, subject, and name indices. DLC NNC GeLBM GyBS GyGGaU GyGNSU

517. Pénzes Balduin. Az úgynevezett almanach-líra. Pannonhalma: n.p., 1937. 107p.

The antecedents, development, and characteristics of lyrics published in Hungarian almanacs, mainly from Bajza to Petőfi. Bibliography, pp. 105-107. MH MnU GyBH

518. Pongrácz Alajos (ifj.). Szépirodalmi folyóirataink 1848-ig. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1930. 55p. [Also published in Budapesti Szemle, 218 (1930), 373-398; 219 (1930), 71-98.]

A history of Hungarian belles-lettristic periodicals from the founding of Magyar Museum in 1787, the first such Hungarian periodical, to 1848. DLC AsWN FiHI FrPBN GeLBM GyBH

519. Pukánszkyné Kádár Jolán. A budai és pesti német színészet története 1812-ig. Budapest: Pfeiffer Ferdinánd Könyvkereskedése, 1914. 148p.

The first phase of German theatrical activity in Buda and Pest, its emergence, struggle, and strengthening, from 1760 to 1812, from the viewpoint of the theater and dramatic literature. Appendix: Catalogue of plays presented in the German theaters of Buda and Pest, 1783-1812. NN GyBH

520.A pesti és budai német színészet története. Budapest: Budavári Tudományos Társaság, 1923. 316p.

A continuation of no. 519, from 1812 to 1847. Much on actors and theaters. Appendices: (1) Scenarium zu dem Trauerspiele Emilia Galotti; (2) List of plays presented at Buda and Pest theaters from January 1, 1812, to Easter, 1824, and at the Pest theater from Easter, 1824, to February 2, 1847, giving the title, type, number of acts, author, dates of first and last performances, and number of performances; (3) Alphabetical list of plays performed in the Buda theaters from Easter, 1824, to January 1, 1847, giving the dates of performances; and (4) Alphabetical list of actors and actresses, under contract or guests, who performed in Buda and Pest theaters, giving the dates of their performances and the names of the plays in which they appeared. Summary in German, pp. 287-312. NN AsWN GeLU GyBH GyGNSU

521. Radó Antal. "A magyar műfordítás története, 1772-1831," Egyetemes Philologiai Közlöny, VII (1883), 481-509, 648-672.

After a survey of Hungarian translations prior to 1772, evaluates the development and characteristics of the literary translations of the French, Classical, and National schools in Hungary, with special attention to the efforts of Bessenyei, Báróczy, Kazinczy, and their followers. Lists of translations, including those by minor figures. CU [ICU] IU MH MnU OCU OClW AsWN FiHU [FrPS]

522. Rédey Tivadar. A Nemzeti Színház története. Az első félszázad. Budapest: Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1937. 405p.

After describing the beginnings of drama in Hungary, covers the first fifty years of the history of the National Theater in Budapest. Information on actors, singers, plays, operas, etc. Illustrated. MnU NN AsWN FiHI FrPIH GeLBM GeLU GyBH

523. Remenyi, Joseph. "Dániel Berzsenyi (1776-1836), Hungarian Horatian poet," Slavonic and East European Review, XXXIV (1955), 174-179. [Published at the University of London]

Chiefly a critical study of the themes and style of Berzsenyi's poems, their blend of romantic spirit and classical form. Widely available in U.S.; FiHU FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

524. — "Ferenc Kazinczy, Hungarian critic and neologist," Slavonic and East European Review, XXIX (1950), 233-243.

A discussion of Kazinczy's works and his contributions to the development of a national literature in Hungary. Widely available in U.S.; FiHU FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

525. — "József Katona, Hungarian dramatist, 1791-1830," Bulletin. National Theater Conference, XI (1949), 29-37. [Published at Western Reserve University]

After placing Hungarian drama in the framework of European drama and Hungarian culture during the first quarter of the 19th century, characterizes Katona's plays and examines Bánk Bán as his major achievement. CSt DLC MB MiD MoS NN NjP OCl PP TxH and others.

526. — "Mihály Vörösmarty, Hungarian poet, playwright and critic," Slavonic and East European Review, XXXI (1953), 352-363 [Published at the University of London]

Chiefly a critical discussion of Vörösmartys qualities and significance as a writer, especially as a poet. Widely available in U.S.; FiHU FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBS GyGNSU

527. — "Miklós Jósika, founder of the Hungarian historical novel," Unpublished manuscript. 9p.

Chiefly a critical discussion of Jósika's narrative style and his themes in his historical and social novels and his short stories. NjR

528.Sándor Petőfi: Hungarian poet. (1823-1849) Washington, D.C.: Hungarian Reformed Federation of America, 1953. 46p.

Mainly an examination of Petőfi's literary characteristics and merit. DLC InU OCl OClW PBL PLF ItFU

529. Riedl Frigyes. Petőfi. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1923. 236p.

A biography of Petőfi concerned with his life and works, the effect of his times on his development, and the relations between his writings and European romanticism and realism. MH MnU GeLU GyBH

530. Saint-René, Taillandier. La poésie hongroise au XIXe siècle. Paris: Michel Lévy Frères, 1863. 104p.

The characteristics and contributions of the poetry of Petőfi, Vörösmarty, János Garay, and János Arany to Hungarian poetry. NB ItFU FrPBN

531. Solt Andor. "A színszerűség uralma drámairodalmunkban," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, XLIX (1939), 17-36, 136-155.

An examination of plays written in the second third of the 19th century as representing a period in which their composition was governed by their suitability as stage presentations. Claims the most typical to be crime plays, peasant dramas, and historical melodramas. Finds (1) that they prevailed from 1837 to 1867, (2) that these plays were developed by writers with acting experience, with Szigligeti and Czakó being the most significant, (3) that spectacle is their center, (4) that they are most closely connected with anecdotal literature, and (5) that their reign is the self-assertion of the Budapest middle class in dramatic literature. DLC NNC AsWN AsWU FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

532.Történeti drámairodalmunk a szabadságharc előtt. Győr: Győregyházmegyei Alap Nyomdája, 1934. 14p.

The form and style of Hungarian historical dramas from 1837 to 1848. MnU

533. Sőtér István. "A magyar romantika," Romantika és realizmus (Budapest: Szépirodalmi Könyvkiadó, 1956; 611p.), pp. 5-92.

The romantic period in Hungarian literature from a Marxist viewpoint. Concerned with the place of Hungarian romanticism in European romanticism, the periods of the movement, its aesthetic principles, the roles of Kölcsey, Károly Kisfaludy, and Vörösmarty, the attempts of the romantics to portray reality in folk poetry, the new romantics of the 1840's, Petőfi as a romantic, and Kemény's and Jókai's relationships with the movement. [The book, a collection of previously published studies, presents a Marxist evaluation of the romantic movement in Hungary from its highest point to the romantics of the 20th century, closing with Krúdy. Individual studies: Petőfi, János Arany, Madách, János Vajda, Mikszáth, Krúdy. Also a study of La Fontaine and Miklós Radnóti.] DLC MnU NNC GeLBM GyBH

534. Steinacker, Gustav. Ungarische Lyriker von Alexander Kisfaludy bis auf die neueste Zeit (die letzten 50 Jahre). Leipzig: Joh. Ambr. Barth.; Budapest: Grill'sche Buchhandlung, 1874. 524p.

German translations of Hungarian poetry from Alexander Kisfaludy to Ferencz Schedel-Toldy, with an introduction to the subject and comment preceding the selections from each author. MB MdBP FiHU FrPBN GeLBM ItFU

535. Szauder József. Bessenyei. Budapest: Művelt Nép Könyvkiadó, 1953. 155p.

A biography of Bessenyei devoted mainly to his years in Vienna (1765-1782) and the period after his return to Hungary (1782-1811). Stress on the development of his views and writings. Chronology of his life. Bibliography, p. 153. DLC MH MnU FiHI GeLBM GyBH GyBS

536.Kölcsey. Budapest: "Művelt Nép" Tudományos és Ismeretterjesztő Kiadó, 1955. 263p.

A biography of Kölcsey, beginning with his school years, that gives attention to his writings and to the connections between his views and Kazinczy's and the changes in these views. Bibliography, p, 261. DLC MnU GeLBM

537. Szegedy Rezső. "Kölcsey esztétikai dolgozatai," Egyetemes Philologiai Közlöny, XXI (1897), 318-334, 436-451, 728-745, 807-821.

A study of Kölcsey's essays on Csokonai, Berzsenyi, János Kis, and comedy, and of some of his shorter criticisms. Maintains that though neither the first Hungarian to write on the subject nor one who caused a revolution in Hungrian aesthetic thought, Kölcsey refined Hungarian criticism, elevated it to the level of West European criticism in the most difficult problems, and exercised independent judgment. Also attention to past Hungarian criticism. IU MnU OCU OClW AsWN FiHU [FrPS] GyBH

538. Szekfű Gyula. Iratok a magyar államnyelv kérdésének történetéhez. 1790-1848. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1926. 664p.

An examination of the issues involved in the emergence of Hungarian as a national language from 1790 to 1848, pp, 7-208. Reproduces 170 contemporaneous documents and papers dealing with the problems and conflicts of the period. MnU NN NNC AsWU FiHI GeCU GeLBM GeLU GeOB GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU ItFU

539. Szerb Antal. Magyar preromantika. Budapest: Dunántúl Egyetemi Nyomda, 1929. 69p. [A reprint from Minerva, VIII (1929), 3-69]

The intellectual, social, and ethnic forces that created the Literary Revival in Hungary. Concludes that the period from Bessenyei to Vörösmarty, traditionally considered classical, was really preromantic, that true romanticism began with Vörösmarty, and that Western European preromantics like Herder, Goethe, and others influenced Hungarian writers who were already independently in sympathy with the character of the new literary movement. MH FrPIH GyBH

540. Szily Kálmán. A magyar nyelvújítás szótára. Budapest: Hornyánszky Viktor Kiadása, 1902. 662p.

Traces the course of neologisms during the period of language reform, from the last quarter of the 18th century through the first half of the 19th. Designations of popular formative syllables and methods of formation or derivation. MH MnU NN AsWN FiHI FrPIH FrPS GeLBM GyBH

541. Szinnyei Ferenc. Bacsányi János. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1904. 210p.

The life and works of Bacsányi, stressing his role in striving for the strengthening of the Hungarian language and the creation of a true Hungarian literature. Appendices: (1) Previously unpublished poems, (2) Aesthetic work, Értékezések (1817), written in Linz at the age of 74, and (3) Facsimiles of various texts. Illustrated. MH MnU NN AsWN FrPBN FrPS GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

542.Novella- és regényirodalmunk a szabadságharcig. I-II. kötet. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1925-1926. 662p.

A history of the short story and the novel in Hungary, from their antecedents near the end of the 18th century to 1849 - the detailed coverage beginning with Fáy's A különös testamentom (1818). Concludes that though possibly no work of lasting value was produced during the thirty-year period, still "the groping, the experimentation, the imitation of foreign models, and the serious attempt to achieve originality make the Age both interesting and informative." Discussion in roughly chronological order, with attention given to both foreign influences and the influence of Hungarian authors on each other. Bibliography, vol. II, 315-351, listing for each author: (1) his individual or collected works under date of publication, and (2) studies concerned with his contributions to and his efforts in prose fiction. Vol. I, End of the 18th century to József Eötvös; vol. II, József Eötvös to 1849. MnU OCl FrPBN FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU GyMWd

543. Szombach Godehárd. A praeromantika kora. Gödöllő: Dunántúl Pécsi Egyetemi Könyvkiadó és Nyomda, 1943. 87p.

The preromantic period of Hungarian literature, 1804-1825, in survey-outline form as a teaching and learning aid. MH

544. Takáts Sándor. "Irodalmi harczok," Katholikus Szemle, VI (1892), 79-111.

The struggle between the orthologists and neologists in their writings on language reform from 1815 to the late 1830's. Most of the materials concerned with the years 1815 to 1817. NNC AsWU GyBH

545. — "A Mondolat és a Felelet hatása," Katholikus Szemle, V (1891), 280-296, 364-388.

An account of the battle of the orthologists and the neologists in the pages of Mondolat and Felelet, respectively, and the effect of these two pamphlets on language reform. NNC AsWU GyBH

546. — "Részletek a nyelvújítási harc történetéből," Katholikus Szemle, IV (1890), 366-385, 520-550, 681-717.

Details of the early conflicts between the orthologists and neologists in the reform of the Hungarian language. Attention to the participants, especially Kazinczy, and to the roles of Mondolat and Felelet in the controversies. NNC AsWU GyBH

547. Tóth Dezső. "Irodalmi kritikánk kezdeteinek néhány kérdése," Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények, LXII (1958), 200-207.

The beginnings of Hungarian literary criticism, from the second half of the 18th century to the 1830's, and its lack of distinction between moral and aesthetic principles in the formation of judgments. NN NNC AsWU GeLBM GyBS ItFU

548.Vörösmarty Mihály. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1957. 631p.

A biography of Vörösmarty giving major consideration to his works their characteristics, their forms, their development, and their meaning. Examines him as a romantic, the idealism of his romanticism, and his role in the national life of his times. Seeks to characterize carefully the stylistic features of his epics and lyrics and, generally, the nature of his romanticism. Viewpoint: "to give an explanation to everything as far as possible in terms of the materialism transmitted through conditions in Hungary." Summary in German, pp. 599-614. DLC MnU NNC AsWN GeLBM GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

549. Váczy János. Berzsenyi Dániel életrajza. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1895. 432p.

A biography of Berzsenyi giving considerable attention to his poetic and critical works. DLC MH MnU AsWN AsWU FrPS GeCU GeLBM GyBH

550.Kazinczy Ferencz és kora. I. kötet. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1915. 639p. [Only volume published]

A biography of Kazinczy's early years, giving considerable attention to his times up to the opening years of the 19th century. Bibliographical footnotes. MH MnU AsWN GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGGaU

551. — "A magyar irodalmi kritika kezdetei," Beöthy-emlékkönyv (Budapest: Athenaeum Irodalmi és Nyomdai r.t., 1908; 679p.), pp. 213-232.

After characterizing 18th-century European literary criticism, examines the beginnings of Hungarian literary criticism in the last quarter of the 18th century: the roles of Bessenyei, Gedeon Ráday, Mátyás Rát, Kazinczy, Ádám Horváth, Rájnis, János Földi, and Bacsányi. MnU FiHI FrPS GeLBM GyBH

552.A nyelvújítás győzelme. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1909. 64p.

A historical examination of those causes which, with the close of the 1820's, affected the conclusion of the conflict in the reform of the Hungarian language and assured its success. MnU AsWN AsWU FrPIH GeLBM GeLU GyBH GyGNSU GyMWd

553. — "A nyelvújítási harc a fordulóponton," Magyar Nyelv, III (1907), 1-16, 49-62.

Concerned mainly with the events and individuals involved in the issues of the reform of the Hungarian language in the years 1817 to 1820, the period during which the climax of the disagreements between Kazinczy and his opponents, between the neologists and the orthologists, was attained, as attempts were made to reconcile differences in points of view. CU CtY DLC MH NNC AsWU FiHI GeLBM GyGNSU

554.Tompa Mihály életrajza. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1913. 303p.

A biography of Tompa emphasizing the character of his literary works and their development. MH MnU AsWN AsWU FiHI FrPBN GeLBM GyBH GyMWd

555. Varga Zoltán. "A magyar romantika korának vallásossága," Protestáns Szemle, XLV (1936), 213-220.

Purpose: to determine and to characterize the religious views of Hungarian romanticism in relation to the position taken by Farkas (no. 478). Finds that these views cannot be identified with rationalism without further consideration and that romanticism agrees with the Literary Revival in its turning away from dogmatism to direct man to his own inner religious feelings. NNC GeLBM GeLU GyBH

556. Vargha Balázs. Berzsenyi Dániel. Budapest: Gondolat Kiadó, 1959. 289p.

A biography of Berzsenyi, beginning with his school days, that delineates his world outlook, his literary development, and the connection between his poetry and the politics of his times, and attempts to solve the contradictions of influences and purposes apparent in him. Bibliography, pp. 271-273; bibliographical notes, pp. 275-[290]. MH MnU NNC GeLU

557. Vértesy Jenő. A magyar romantikus dráma. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1913. 348p.

An exposition of the forces, foreign influences, and authors that created Hungary's first real dramatic literature, from the opening of the permanent National Theater in 1837 to 1850, with the first chapter surveying the history and character of Hungarian drama prior to the romantic period. Separate indices of names and play titles. MH MnU AsWU FiHI FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyGGaU

558. Waldapfel József. Katona József. Budapest: Franklin-Társulat, 1942. 200p.

A biography of Katona giving most of its attention to his writings. Bibliographical notes, pp. 195-200. MnU NNC

559.A magyar irodalom a felvilágosodás korában. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1954. 336p.

The rejuvenation of Hungarian literature at the end of the 18th century, with special emphasis on the importance of Bessenyei. Extensive discussion of the entire period followed by individual treatises on Bessenyei, Bacsányi, Kármán, Csokonai, and Fazekas. Bibliography, pp. 325-334. DLC MnU NNC AsWU FiHI FiHU FrPIH GeLBM GeLU GyBA GyBH GyBS GyGNSU

560.Ötven év Buda és Pest irodalmi életéből. 1780-1830. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, 1935. 368p.

The development of the forces that affected the growth of literary life in Buda and Pest from their antecedents to the completion of their concentration in the capital in the years 1825 to 1830: printing, literary and learned societies, periodicals, theatrical activity, belles-lettres, etc. MH AsWN FrPIH GeLBM GyBH GyGNSU

561. Wéber Antal. A magyar regény kezdetei. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959. 237p.

The beginnings of the Hungarian novel from 1818 to the 1830's, the Age of Reform. Also a treatment of social themes in the novel prior to the Revolution and attention to antecedents. Writers: Kármán, Fáy, Károly Kisfaludy, Jósika, Eötvös, and Jókai. Summary in German, pp. 227-231. DLC MH MnU NN NNC FiHU FrPIH GyBS